Conditions That Put You at Risk
Risk Factors and Treatment Options
Risk factors that you can change include smoking, being overweight, being inactive, having high cholesterol, having high blood sugar and having high blood pressure. Factors you cannot change are your family history and your age (as you age your risk goes up).
High Blood PressureHigh blood pressure is a common condition that increases your chance of having a heart attack or stroke. The good news is that lowering your blood pressure reduces your risk of having a heart attack, stroke, and several other serious health problems. There are many steps you can take to lower your blood pressure.
High CholesterolCholesterol is a type of fat in your blood. Having too much cholesterol in your blood means that you have a higher risk of having a heart attack or stroke. Fortunately, lowering your cholesterol lowers your chance of having a heart attack or stroke. There are many things you can do to lower your cholesterol level.
DiabetesDiabetes is a condition that develops when your body does not properly store food energy in your body, and instead allows high levels of sugar to circulate in your blood. Fortunately, there are some key actions you can take to live a full, active life with diabetes.
TreatmentsIf you have diabetes, heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, stroke, transient ischemic attack, chronic kidney disease or abdominal aortic aneurysm, you are at an increased risk of having a heart attack or stroke. There are several ways that you can reduce this risk.
Warning SignsIf you think you have a medical or psychiatric emergency, call 911 or go to the nearest hospital. If you are having a heart attack, getting medical attention right away can save your life! Getting medical care within one hour of your heart attack can lower the amount of heart muscle damaged.
There are several ways that you can reduce your chances of having a stroke or heart attack if you have one or more of the conditions that put you at high risk (See Conditions at left.) Talk with your doctor or clinician about taking some or all of the following preventive medications. Never start taking any of these or any other medication without first talking with your doctor or other clinician. Learn more.